Be it remodeling or starting from scratch, an essential thing to do when designing a landscape is to plan it and put on paper. Some people head straight to a store with gardening supplies to browse and buy products, but planning will allow you to choose plants that will fit into your landscape. Creating a plan will save a lot of time as well as money and will also result in significant results. A stepwise process considering the environment and the design principles along with keeping your desires in mind will help you achieve a landscape which is sustainable in the long run.
A few hints are listed below that will help you create a plan to design that beautiful landscape which all the elements of designs considered.
Understand your site: It is essential to know about the environmental conditions along with analyzing the type of soil, climate and topography. Knowledge about soil type will help us determine what kind of plants can grow and thrive in the given climate. The topography of the site and the problems related to drainage checked and corrected while designing. Also, careful consideration has to be made on the water flow; you do not want all the water to be routed to your yard and destroy the plants. Noting the conditions of the yard and also about existing plants will reveal about the microclimate of the site. The four microclimate types are full sun, partial shade, shade and deep shade. These microclimates change with seasons and also when plants grow larger.
Bear in mind the user of the yard: The next step in the planning process is to think of the user and how it can be used by the user. Determining the purpose of the yard is also critical, and you can create separate spaces for different uses in your yard. You can have pathways with plants on either side for people to walk from one place to another. You can have a different type of landscaping if the children are going to use the yard, or if you are thinking of using it for outdoor parties, consider a different option. Being aware of what and how you will be useful in the long run.
Determine the function of the plants: While in the planning stage you should determine what plants, you want and how do you want it to function in your yard. Plants are multifunctional; they can also provide fresh food, great aroma and can act as a barrier. When used as a barrier it can demarcate your landscape and can help in locating the start and end of your yard. It can also act as a natural shield and block access to specific views and areas. Some plants can serve as a blockade but will not block the view. A landscape can alter the light, temperature and wind.
Conserve resources: Look for plants which use the resources efficiently. Water should be managed well, and hardscapes should be selected which will protect the environment. Looks for crops that consume less water and pesticides, compost the garden waste and use it as a natural fertilizer.